major musical hit and reformist rural melodrama often cited as the
film, which redefined the formula for commercial success in 50's
peasant hero Venu (Nageswara Rao) takes on the oppressive might
Zamindar (CSR Anjaneyulu) and succeeds, helped by a sympathetic
police force, in redistributing the land to the peasants.
hero also married a low-caste woman (Janaki) rejected by his parents.
The film was apparently inspired by Congress (1955) where Nehru
called for a 'socialist pattern of society in which the principle
means for production are under social ownership', a view replicated
in the film's dialogues and lyrics.
song Eruvaka Saagaloi, pictured on on Waheeda Rehman who
thus became a star, was a mega hit in Telugu and is regarded as
signaling the advent of a new generation. According to VAK Ranga
Rao, the song's tune is used by CR Subbaraman in Sri Lakshmamma
Katha (1950), where the folk-singers Seeta and Anasuya claimed authorship,
although it was probably adapted from a 20's HMV recording by their
teacher Valluri Jagannadha Rao. When the MG Ramachandran's hit Madhurai
Veeran (1956) used a similar tune, the producer was sued for
plagiarism. The tune was later used for other south Indian films
and by SD Burman in Bambai Ka Babu (1960) for Asha Bhonsle's
rendition of Dekh Main Bhola Hain, Dil Ka Salona.